ADRA respond to emergency situations, inter alia: flooding, drought and earthquake. ADRA’s response, based on need, is often varied, to include food assistance, shelter, water supply, delivery of non-food items, or cash assistance. ADRA also works extensively on community based disaster risk reduction (CBDRR) activities, using hazard, vulnerability and capacity assessment (HVCA) tools, establishment and capacity building of preparedness structures at community level, development of village level disaster management planning process and mobilization of government resources for risk reduction in vulnerable communities. In the context of disaster preparedness (DP) and disaster risk reduction (DRR) ADRA also works on school safety, WASH, shelter and disaster resistant livelihoods.

In the school safety programme ADRA works with rural schools to develop school disaster management plans (SDMPs), and does special classes with children forming student task forces for mainly for first aid and search and rescue. ADRA teaches children how to evacuate safely in different kinds of emergencies. ADRA Lesotho also participates on national level with the National Disaster Management Authority.

The main ADRA programmatic focus is to deal with emergencies effectively and manage available resources to thereby saving lives, avoiding injury, and minimizing economic loss regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, political, or religious differences. This protection process involves prevention, mitigation, planning, response and recovery.

ADRA Lesotho had various relief projects across the Mountain Kingdom of Lesotho in which it provided survivors with food packages (maize meal, dried fruits and vegetables); second hand clothes and shoes; blankets and basic medical packages; and, DRR trainings to the community with support from Government Ministries and local and international organisations.