ADRA’s programmes are multi-sectoral and include water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). ADRA has also developed strong technical expertise in the past years by employing an expert in disaster management, software, namely community mobilization and awareness on water use, hygiene and sanitation practices, and hardware such as the building of latrines, waste management systems and tube well rehabilitation. DRR strategies are incorporated with the repair and installations of tubewells raising platforms as well as adapted latrine models that are more resilient to flooding and cyclones. I

n order to effectively replicate process at the community level, local low-cost contextualized models are applied. ADRA’s emergency projects include provision of a water supply through repairs to tubewells and/or supply of purification kits, and emergency sanitation support. ADRA is a liaison for local support groups; village health workers; lead farmers; and the Rural Water Supply Scheme that contributes towards the sustainability of ADRA’s WASH programmes.


ADRA Lesotho has implemented many WASH programmes for the past decade to different needy communities, in particular by providing access to drinking water, awareness on clean environment and hygiene. The programmes have been focusing on drilling and maintaining boreholes, maintaining shallow wells, and providing chlorine and educating communities in water management, sanitation and hygiene environment. Communities like 15 villages of Thauthe, Emmanuel, Kolo, Hangers Hope and many more benefited from the ADRA Lesotho WASH programmes. Some communities benefited from dam constructions, pit latrines and borehole. The programmes incorporate trainings on hygiene and sanitation. These programmes include the creation of hygiene and sanitation clubs; installation of information boards/posters; distribution of hand-washing equipment and hygiene kits; and the construction of latrines.

Key activities are concentrated in providing access to safe and adequate water supply; access to basic sanitation facilities for households, clinics and schools; and the promotion of complementary hygiene practices to include hand-washing techniques. The objective of these activities is to contribute to improving the health status of children up to five years old and improve the overall basic hygiene practices of the community. The programmes were supported by United States Agency for International.

ADRA’s priorities and approaches for WASH are to:

  • Improve access to safe water in rural and urban areas through borehole drilling, rehabilitating and protecting open wells, installing tanks, and conducting water quality testing;
  • Improve access to sanitation and hygiene in rural and urban areas by constructing latrines and hand washing facilities in schools and public facilities, participatory community-wide hygiene promotion through Community Health Clubs and School Health Clubs, as well as social marketing strategies; and
  • Respond to WASH emergencies in both urban and rural areas in accordance with the WASH Cluster strategy and ADRA’s National Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan and by developing and implementing disaster risk reduction. 

ADRA’s WASH activities contribute towards disease prevention and the overall health of beneficiary communities. ADRA links its WASH activities closely with the food security and nutrition programmes due to the proven correlation between hygiene and sanitation and disease and malnutrition.